When looking straight ahead, the spine is straight. If it has a curve to the sides it is called scoliosis. Thus, on an x-ray, the spine of a person with scoliosis looks more like a «C» or an «S» than a straight line, making the person’s waist or shoulders appear uneven.
It can cause back pain and pain in the lower limbs, especially in severe scoliosis cases that lead to spinal osteoarthritis and compression of nerves exiting the vertebrae towards the extremities.
Scoliosis causes cosmetic issues, creating trunk asymmetry and rib hump that can be distressing for the patient and their family.
Severe scoliosis is also associated with decreased pulmonary respiratory function, which can have life-threatening consequences for the patient. Additionally, these severe scoliosis cases continue to worsen throughout life.
In general, curves larger than 25 degrees in children require treatment with braces to prevent them from increasing. When the curves are over 45 degrees, surgery is necessary to avoid the consequences of these severe scoliosis cases.
Conventional surgery corrects scoliosis by fusing the spine, resulting in permanent loss of mobility, which can have negative implications for the rest of the non-fused spine. Additionally, metallic implants are left in place for life.
The ideal surgery for patients who have not finished growing is correction while maintaining the mobility of the spine and avoiding the use of metallic implants and their potential consequences. With this method, scoliosis and the cosmetic deformity are corrected from the back of the spine. The curve is completely corrected by placing temporary metallic implants on the vertebrae, and once the patient has finished growing, typically two to three years after scoliosis correction, the implants are removed, restoring vertebral mobility.
With this innovative surgery performed by Dr. Burgos, the loss of mobility in the spine is avoided, and no metallic implants are left. Additionally, it provides a solution for back pain, aesthetic alterations, and breathing difficulties.
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